Lifestyle

Low levels of air pollution deadlier than previously thought

The World Health Organization’s most recent estimates (2016) are that over 4.2 million people die prematurely each year due to long-term exposure to fine particulate outdoor air pollution (often referred to as PM2.5). A recent study involving McGill researchers now suggests that the annual global death toll from outdoor PM2.5 may be significantly higher than […]

Lifestyle

High fat, low carb: A ketogenic diet could help patients with polycystic kidney disease

A new study has shown that ketosis—a state in which the body primarily uses dietary fats as energy sources—may have positive effects on kidney function in people affected by hereditary polycystic kidney disease. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, or ADPKD, is the most common hereditary kidney disease and causes about 10% of all cases of […]

Lifestyle

Cell competition may explain cancer relapses, research suggests

A normal process called cell competition, in which healthy tissues eliminate unhealthy cells, could be responsible for cancer relapses in patients months or years after they were declared cancer-free, a new study by UT Southwestern researchers suggests. The findings, published in Cancer Discovery, could lead to better ways to treat or even prevent metastasis, or […]

Lifestyle

How to prevent missing person incidents for seniors living with dementia

People living with dementia are at risk of getting lost, and go missing every day in Canada. For example, in July, a person living with dementia went missing and was found by the police under a highway bridge more than 24 hours after he was last seen. But for some people, the outcome might be […]

Lifestyle

Whole-genome sequencing offers a more comprehensive prenatal test

BGI-Research and the Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hubei Province (MCHH) have published whole-genome sequencing research results in npj Genomic Medicine. These results have revealed the genomic architecture of fetal central nervous system (CNS) anomalies systematically in a large cohort for the first time and share how whole-genome sequencing may enhance detection of fetal […]

Lifestyle

Neuronal mechanism involved in the learning of maternal behavior discovered

Various conditions such as postpartum depression or postpartum psychosis can lead to an alteration in maternal behavior and disrupt the mother-child bonding process. A research team has conducted a study in which they were able to identify the neuronal circuits in the brain that are activated during the learning of maternal behavior. In the course […]

Lifestyle

Study demonstrates family history is not sufficient for assessing inherited disease risk

A new study from the University of Helsinki demonstrates the added value of genetic information in measuring inherited disease risk, alongside the widely used assessment of family history. Physicians widely use family history to assess an individual’s risk of developing common diseases, such as coronary heart disease, diabetes, and cancers. In recent years, polygenic risk […]